Maundy Thursday The Chrism Mass
On Maundy Thursday during the day is it appropriate for the bishop of the diocese to celebrate the Holy Eucharist in the cathedral and consecrate the holy oils to be used in the churches of the diocese during the coming year, and at the same time to hear the renewal of ordination vows of the priests and deacons of the diocese, as well as to renew the bishop’s own ordination vows. It is therefore appropriate for this Eucharist to be concelebrated by priests from all parts of the diocese. If there are suffragans, it may be convenient for them to have similar celebrations in other cities of the diocese, in order to allow more clergy and laity to participate.
The holy oils blessed at this service are Chrism, which is used for Confirmation, for the anointing of bishops, for the blessing of churches, altars, sacred vessels, and church bells, and, together with the Oil of Catechumens, for the blessing of fonts, the anointing of priests, and the coronation of the monarch (in countries ruled by a monarch); Oil of Catechumens, which is used for the anointing of baptismal candidates, and, with Chrism as indicated above; and Oil for the Sick. The Oil for the Sick is blessed after the Great Thanksgiving, but before the Lord’s Prayer; the other two oils after Communion, the Oil of Catechumens before the Post Communion Collect, the Chrism after it.
A table is set up in the chancel, and behind it the bishop’s chair. On the table are three vessels of oil, each covered with a silk cloth. The oil for Chrism is covered with a white cloth; the cloths covering the other oils may be of any colors. Also on the table is Balsam for the preparation of the Chrism. When the service is concluded, the oils are carried to the sacristy and distributed to the priests for use in churches during the coming year.
The order of entrance is as follows:
Thurifer and Boat-bearer
Crucifer and two Acolytes
Deacon of the Mass on left; Assisting Priest on right
Canons of the Cathedral
Note Bene: The People’s responses are in italics.
Presiding Bishop: Let us begin all things as we should. Bless the Lord who forgiveth our sins.
His Mercy will endure forever.
Presiding Bishop: Jesus Christ has made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father; to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen. Your love, O Lord, forever will I sing; from age to age my mouth will proclaim your faithfulness.
Canon of the Cathedral: Collect: Almighty God, who by the power of the Holy Spirit anointed your Son to be Messiah and Priest forever: grant that all whom you call to his service may confess the faith of Christ crucified, proclaim his resurrection, and share with us in his eternal priesthood; who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the same Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.
A Reading from the Book of Isaiah
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me,
because the LORD has anointed me;
He has sent me to bring glad tidings to the lowly,
to heal the brokenhearted,
To proclaim liberty to the captives
and release to the prisoners,
To announce a year of favor from the LORD
and a day of vindication by our God,
to comfort all who mourn;
To place on those who mourn in Zion
a diadem instead of ashes,
To give them oil of gladness in place of mourning,
a glorious mantle instead of a listless spirit.
You yourselves shall be named priests of the LORD,
ministers of our God shall you be called.
I will give them their recompense faithfully,
a lasting covenant I will make with them.
Their descendants shall be renowned among the nations,
and their offspring among the peoples;
All who see them shall acknowledge them
as a race the LORD has blessed.
The Word of the Lord!
Thanks Be To God!
Psalm The refrain is recited first by a leader or cantor and then repeated by the congregation. It is repeated again by all where indicated in the text.
Refrain. You will lead me beside still waters and anoint my head with oil.
V. The LORD is my shepherd; * I shall not be in want.
V. He makes me lie down in green pastures * and leads me beside still waters.
V. He revives my soul * and guides me along right pathways for his Name’s sake
V. Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I shall fear no evil; * for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.
V. You spread a table before me in the presence of those who trouble me; * you have anointed my head with oil, and my cup is running over.
V. Surely your goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life, * and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.
A Reading from the Book of Revelation 1:48
[Grace to you and peace] from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness,
the firstborn of the dead and ruler of the kings of the earth.
To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his Blood,
who has made us into a Kingdom, priests for his God and Father,
to him be glory and power forever and ever. Amen.
Behold, he is coming amid the clouds,
and every eye will see him,
even those who pierced him.
All the peoples of the earth will lament him.
“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God,
“the one who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”
The Word of the Lord!
Thanks be to God!
The Holy Gospel according to Saint Luke
Jesus came to Nazareth, where he had grown up,
and went according to his custom
into the synagogue on the sabbath day.
He stood up to read and was handed a scroll of the prophet Isaiah.
He unrolled the scroll and found the passage where it was written:
The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,
because he has anointed me
to bring glad tidings to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim liberty to captives
and recovery of sight to the blind,
to let the oppressed go free,
and to proclaim a year acceptable to the Lord.
Rolling up the scroll, he handed it back to the attendant and sat down,
and the eyes of all in the synagogue looked intently at him.
He said to them,
“Today this Scripture passage is fulfilled in your hearing.”
The Gospel of the Lord!
Praise to you Lord Christ!
Homily of the Right Reverend Edward L. Tatro, Jr., Primate of the Church.
This morning’s Mass is the Blessing of the Oils. It is the only Mass permitted for Holy Thursday Morning.
Shortly Brothers and Sisters we who are blessed to be called to Holy Orders will do the first renewal of our Ordination Vows and again on the great feast of the Resurrection. I ask that you remember all the clergy these next few days as we conclude Holy Week. I ask you to pray for our strength and protection from the evil one.
“Christ taught in their synagogues, their places of public worship, where they met to read, expound, and apply the word, to pray and praise. All the gifts and graces of the Spirit were upon him and on him, without measure. By Christ, sinners may be loosed from the bonds of guilt, and by his Spirit and grace from the bondage of corruption. He came by the word of his gospel, to bring light to those that sat in the dark, and by the power of his grace, to give sight to those that were blind. And he preached the acceptable year of the Lord. Let sinners attend to the Saviour’s invitation when liberty is thus proclaimed. Christ’s name was Wonderful; in nothing was he more so than in the word of his grace, and the power that went along with it. We may well wonder that he should speak such words of grace to such graceless wretches as mankind. Some prejudice often furnishes an objection against the humbling doctrine of the cross; and while it is the word of God that stirs up men’s enmity, they will blame the conduct or manner of the speaker. The doctrine of God’s sovereignty, his right to do his will, provokes proud men. They will not seek his favour in his own way; and are angry when others have the favours they neglect. Still is Jesus rejected by multitudes who hear the same message from his words. While they crucify him afresh by their sins, may we honour him as the Son of God, the Saviour of men, and seek to show we do so by our obedience.”
We must remain obedient to Christ and His Church. Repent ye of your sins. Remember that this evening is the Celebration of First Eucharist. Tonight, I will show you in an act of humility, the same act of humility our Savior showed to his Apostles. Remember we come to serve not to be served! Embrace your Cross, repent and return to the true traditions of the Church.
After the Homily, the Bishop sits in a chair before the Altar and addresses those who are to renew their vows. They stand facing the Bishop, who says these or similar words
Dear friends, the ministry we share is none other than the sacrificial ministry of Christ, who gave himself up to death on the cross for the salvation of the world. By his glorious resurrection, he has opened for us the way of everlasting life. By the gift of the Holy Spirit he shares with us the riches of his grace.
We are called to proclaim his death and resurrection, to administer the Sacraments of the New Covenant which he sealed with his blood on the cross, and to care for his people in the power of the Spirit.
Bishop: Do you here, in the presence of Christ and his Church, renew your commitment to your ministry, under the pastoral direction of your bishop?
Bishop: Do you reaffirm your promise to give yourself to prayer and study?
Bishop: Do you reaffirm your promise so to minister the Word of God and the Sacraments of the New Covenant that the reconciling love of Christ may be known and received?
Bishop: Do you reaffirm your promise to be a faithful servant of all those committed to your care, patterning your life in accordance with the teachings of Christ, so that you may be a wholesome example to your people?
The Bishop then stands and makes this affirmation: And now, as your bishop, I, too, before God and you, rededicate myself and reaffirm the promises that I made when I was ordained. I ask your prayers.
Bishop and Clergy: May the Lord who has given us the will to do these things, give us also the grace and power to perform them.
Bishop: The peace of the Lord be always with you.
All: And also with you.
Blessing of the Oil for the Sick:
O Lord, holy Father, giver of health and salvation: Send your Holy Spirit to sanctify this oil; that, as your holy apostles anointed many that were sick and healed them, so may those who in faith and repentance receive this holy unction be made whole; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, forever and ever. Amen.
My Jesus, I believe that You are present in the Most Holy Sacrament.
I love You above all things, and I desire to receive You into my soul. Since I cannot at this moment receive You sacramentally,
come at least spiritually into my heart.
I embrace You as if You were already there and unite myself wholly to You. Never permit me to be separated from You. Amen!
Consecration of the Chrism: Immediately after the post communion prayer, the ampulla is brought to the bishop, who places it on a small table in the sight of the congregation, or on the altar (the communion vessels having already been removed). Facing the people, the Bishop addresses them in these or similar words
Dear Friends in Christ: In the beginning, the Spirit of God hovered over the creation; and, throughout history, God, by the gift of the Holy Spirit, has empowered his people to serve him. As a sign of that gift, the priests and kings of Israel were anointed with oil; and our Lord Jesus was himself anointed with the Holy Spirit at his Baptism as the Christ, God’s own Messiah. At Baptism, Christians are likewise anointed by that same Spirit to empower them for God’s service. Let us now set apart this oil to be the sign of that anointing.
Silence is kept as the Bishop pours balsam into the vessel of oil and mixes it. Afterwards the Bishop shall say
Let us pray.
The Bishop then places a hand on the vessel of oil and prays: Eternal Father, whose blessed Son was anointed by the Holy Spirit to be the Savior and servant of all, we pray you to consecrate this oil, that those who are sealed with it may share in the royal priesthood of Jesus Christ; who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, forever and ever. Amen
The Bishop turns to the people and says: Let us pray.
The Deacon says: Bow down before the Lord.
The people kneel. The Bishop, with arms outstretched over the people, continues:
Almighty God, we pray you graciously to behold this your family, for whom our Lord Jesus Christ was contented to be betrayed, and given up into the hands of sinners, and to suffer death upon the cross; who now lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, forever and ever. Amen.
Bishop: Our help is in the Name of the Lord.
The Maker of heaven and earth.
Bishop: Blessed be the Name of the Lord.
From this time forth for evermore.
Bishop: The blessing, mercy, and grace of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, be among you, and remain with you forever. Amen.
The order of retiring is as follows:
Crucifer and two Acolytes
Two Deacons, the one on the left carrying the oil for the sick, the one on the right carrying the oil of catechumens
A Deacon with the chrism
Canons of the Cathedral